Although some law enforcement, immigration, and social service officials received training to identify trafficking victims among high-risk populations, the government lacked formal victim identification procedures and did not implement systematic policies and procedures to protect unidentified victims from being punished for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking, such as women in prostitution, child sex trafficking victims, or illegal immigrants.An international organization reported in 2015 that police detained a sex trafficking victim on prostitution violations but later released the victim without charge; the government did not provide the victim with protection services.The government did not fully implement victim identification guidelines or the national victim referral mechanism; therefore, some trafficking victims remained unidentified and vulnerable to punishment for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of being subjected to human trafficking.
The government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government officials complicit in human trafficking offenses.
In various disparate statutes, the penal code prohibits some forms of human trafficking but prescribes penalties that are not sufficiently stringent or commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes, such as rape.
The penalties prescribed for rape range from five years’ imprisonment to the death penalty.
The criminal code prescribes one to three years’ imprisonment for forced prostitution of an adult, which are not commensurate or sufficiently stringent.
The criminal code prescribes three to five years’ imprisonment for sex trafficking of a child, which are commensurate and sufficiently stringent.