The Spanish City of Manila was founded on June 24, 1571, by Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi, which was regarded as the official foundation date of the city.
Manila was also the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers.
Silver that was mined in Mexico and Peru was exchanged for Chinese silk, Indian gems and the spices of Southeast Asia.
Likewise, wines and olives grown in Europe and North Africa were shipped via Mexico to Manila.
The polity of Tondo flourished during the latter half of the Ming dynasty as a result of direct trade relations with China.
The Tondo district was the traditional capital of the empire, and its rulers were sovereign kings, not mere chieftains.
It is the most populous region of the country, one of the most populous urban areas in the world, The City of Manila is located on the eastern shores of the Manila Bay in one of the finest harbors in the country.
The city's growing wealth and education attracted indigenous people, Chinese, Indians, Latinos, and Europeans from the surrounding provinces The Americans defeated the First Philippine Republic and captured President Emilio Aguinaldo, who declared allegiance to the United States on April 1, 1901.Maynilà, the Filipino name for the city, originated from the word nilà, referring to a flowering mangrove tree that grew on the delta of the Pasig River and the shores of Manila Bay.The flowers were made into garlands that, according to folklore, were offered to statues on religious altars or in churches.The earliest evidence of human life around present-day Manila is the nearby Angono Petroglyphs, dated to around 3000 BC.Negritos, an Australoid people who became the aboriginal inhabitants of the Philippines, lived across the island of Luzon, where Manila is located, before the Malayo-Polynesians migrated in and assimilated them.