His remains are said to be those contained in the underground Confessio of St.Peter's Basilica, where Pope Paul VI announced in 1968 the excavated discovery of a first-century Roman cemetery.The Gospel of Mark was traditionally thought to show the influence of Peter's preaching and eyewitness memories.Several other books bearing his name—the Acts of Peter, Gospel of Peter, Preaching of Peter, Apocalypse of Peter, and Judgment of Peter—are considered by Christian denominations as apocryphal, and are thus not included in their Bible canons.
The Syriac or Aramaic word for "rock" is kepa, which in Greek became Πέτρος, also meaning "rock".
Hippolytus of Rome, a 3rd-century theologian, gave him the title of "Apostle of the Apostles".
According to Catholic teaching, Peter was ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" dialogue in Matthew .
The three Synoptic Gospels all mention that, when Jesus was arrested, one of his companions cut off the ear of a servant of the High Priest.
This healing of the servant's ear is the last of the 37 miracles attributed to Jesus in the Bible. " Simon Peter answers, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God." Jesus then declares: Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven.