Can And and But be used at the beginning of a sentence in formal writing? State-of-being verbs take adjectives, not adverbs 15. This leads us to temporarily group the last pair of items together when they should be separate.
Between is not limited to relationships between two nouns 17. A final comma would make the separation between these long, bulky noun phrases a little easier to follow. Many sentences I’ve encountered are asymmetric and unbalanced because some items of the list are much longer than others and the last two items aren’t separated by a comma.
I should also note that many of these issues are more properly classified under style or usage. If that isn’t clear to you, it isn’t because you aren’t a scientific researcher and aren’t familiar with the terminology; it’s because the authors left out a necessary comma.
It’s true that “if needed” could be surrounded by commas, but this is not necessary.
The other group of BMDMs was co-treated with CHX and IC for 2 h and 11 h, 4 h and 13 h or 6 h and 15 h, respectively.
EMDB was established by the Protein Databank in Europe (PDBe) at the European Bioinformatics Institute, the Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) at Rutgers and the National Center for Macromolecular Imaging (NCMI) at Baylor College of Medicine.
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Serial commas and the inclusion of the final (or “Oxford”) comma I start with this because it is important to me.
Really, unless space is incredibly expensive, I can’t imagine why anyone would decide the best method is sometimes leave it out and sometimes add it in.” a.
I also think using the serial comma makes even simple lists easier to read.
In such cases it is almost never necessary to separate the items of the list with semicolons.
That is a ridiculous sentence that is difficult to follow because of the lack of Oxford commas before the last two ors. ” No, that sentence is perfectly clear with Oxford commas but no semicolons: As is made clear by the Oxford commas, the only individual item in that list that contains commas is the last one.