Ethnic Russians form the majority of the population (about 85%), and Russian, rather than any of two co-official Mordvinic languages, is the common language of communication in the city.
As with many provincial capitals in Russia, the population of Saransk decreased after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, primarily as a result of economic migration to larger cities, made especially attractive by the downsizing, or outright collapse, of many smaller, regional, industrial enterprises. The Saransk Regional Museum is dedicated primarily to the history of the city, while the Mordovian Museum of Visual Arts has an excellent collection of works by Russian masters Stepan Erzia and Fedot Sychkov. Saransk has several theaters, including: State Russian Drama Theatre of the Republic of Mordovia was founded in August 25, 1932 and, initially was called Mordovian National Theatre.
It is set in the center of the city, near the Cathedral of St.
Feodor Ushakov, at the crossroads of Sovietskaya and the Democraticheskaya streets.
Soon after its founding, the city became an important trade center for nearby Erzya villagers.
After 1708 Saransk was assigned to Azov Province, and later to the Kazan Governorate.
Since 2006 the theatre has hosted the International festival «Compatriots». The present director of the theatre is Sergey Igonkin. Mordovia National Drama Theatre is situated in Saransk, the capital of Mordovia. For that they were sent to Moscow to get education exactly for this purpose. His opening ceremony was 21 July 2007 during International festival "Shumbrat, Finno-Ugria".
An interesting detail is the Soviet era military base, belonging to the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs, which is located along the railway lines and serves of a time when Saransk was, effectively, a closed city.
Another city landmark is the Saransk TV Tower — a 180-meter-tall guyed tubular steel mast built in 1961. These are some of them: Family Monument is one of the most popular and interesting ones.
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